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Several factors help your doctor determine the best treatment option for you. These include the type of hypertension and the problems identified.

a) Primary hypertension treatment options

If your physician diagnoses you with primary hypertension, lifestyle changes may help reduce your high blood pressure. If lifestyle changes alone aren’t enough, or if they stop being effective, your physician may prescribe medication.

b) Secondary hypertension treatment options

If your physician discovers an underlying issue causing your hypertension, treatment will focus on that other condition. For example, if a medicine you’ve started taking is causing increased blood pressure, your physician will drugs that don’t have this side effect.

Sometimes, hypertension is persistent despite treatment for the underlying cause. In this case, your physician may work with you to develop lifestyle changes and prescribe medications to help reduce your blood pressure.

Treatment plans for hypertension often evolve. What worked at first may become less valuable over time. Your physician will continue to work with you to refine your treatment.

Read also; Managing high blood pressure during pregnancy

Medication for high blood pressure

Many people go through a trial-and-error phase with blood pressure medications. You may need to try different medicines until you find one or a combination of drugs that work for you.

Some of the medications used to treat hypertension include:

  1. Beta-blockers:  Beta-blockers make your heart beat slower and with less force. This reduces the amount of blood pumped through your arteries with each beat, which lowers blood pressure. It also blocks certain hormones in your body that can raise your blood pressure.

2. Diuretics: High sodium levels and excess fluid in your body can increase blood pressure. Diuretics, also called water pills, help your kidneys remove excess sodium from your body. As the sodium leaves, extra fluid in your bloodstream moves into your urine, which helps lower your blood pressure.

3. ACE inhibitors: Angiotensin is a drug that causes blood vessels and artery walls to tighten and narrow. ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors prevent the body from producing as much of this chemical. This helps blood vessels relax and reduces blood pressure.

4. Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs):  While ACE inhibitors aim to stop creating angiotensin, ARBs block angiotensin from binding with receptors. Without the chemical, blood vessels won’t tighten. That helps relax vessels and lower blood pressure.

5.Calcium channel blockers:  These medications block some of the calcium from entering the cardiac muscles of your heart. This leads to less forceful heartbeats and lower blood pressure.

These medicines also work in the blood vessels, causing them to relax and further lowering blood pressure.

6.Alpha-2 agonists:  This type of medication changes the nerve impulses that cause blood vessels to tighten. This helps blood vessels to relax, which reduces blood pressure.

Home remedies for high blood pressure

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Healthy lifestyle changes can help you control the factors that cause hypertension. Here are some of the most common home remedies.

I) Developing a healthy diet: A heart-healthy diet is vital for helping to reduce high blood pressure. It’s also essential for managing hypertension that is under control and reducing the risk of complications.

These complications include heart disease, stroke, and heart attack.A heart-healthy diet emphasizes foods that include: fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins like fish.

ii) Increasing physical activity:

Reaching a healthy weight should include being more physically active. In addition to helping you shed pounds, exercise can help reduce stress, lower blood pressure naturally, and strengthen your cardiovascular system.

Aim to get 150 minutes of moderate physical activity each week. That’s about 30 minutes five times per week.

iii) Reaching a healthy weight:

If you are overweight or obese, losing weight through a heart-healthy diet and increased physical activity can help lower your blood pressure.

iv) Managing stress:

Exercise is a great way to manage stress. Other activities can also be helpful. These include meditation, deep breathing, massage, muscle relaxation, yoga, or tai chi.

These are all proven stress-reducing techniques. Getting adequate sleep can also help reduce stress levels.

iv) Adopting a cleaner lifestyle:

If you’re a smoker, try to quit. The chemicals in tobacco smoke damage the body’s tissues and harden blood vessel walls.

v) If you regularly consume too much alcohol

Or have an alcohol dependency, seek help to reduce the amount you drink or stop altogether.

What’s your experience with hypertension? Could you please add other remedies that work for you!

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